Plaque refers to the unwanted oil, fat and cholesterol particles that have the tendency to accumulate on the walls of the various blood channels, leading to blockage which hinders the free flow of blood. Plaque can lead to serious cardiovascular problems like aortic stenosis, pulmonary stenosis, blockage in the arteries etc. If not treated on time, it can even lead to heart attack, heart failure or even death. The treatment for such problems is available at the best heart hospital in India. The hospital staff consists of Dr. Subhash Chandra, one amongst the most trusted invasive cardiology doctors in Delhi. Being the best Heart valve replacement hospital in Delhi, the hospital offers some of the best facilities which are at par with International standard. Plaque accumulation is quite common in overweight and old people, hence these fall under the risk category. Minimally invasive procedures like TAVR and TAVI have been successful in treating valve damage caused by plaque formation. Balloon valvuloplasty and angioplasty can also be used for treating the problem.
The heart is one of the most sensitive and delicate organs of the human body. It is a part of the circulatory system which is responsible for the circulation of oxygenated blood throughout the body. The human heart is four-chambered each of which is separated by a valve. These valves regulate the flow of blood inside the heart and also prevent the backward flow of blood. The heart performs the task of pumping blood from the lungs to the various different organs via a network of blood channels. The deoxygenated blood from these organs is also carried back to the lungs via the same blood channels. These channels which consist of the arteries and veins are as important as the heart. The proper function of the heart, its valves and the various arteries and veins are very important for a healthy and normal life. Plaque is one of the greatest enemies of our heart that can severely damage the heart valves and arteries.
Plaque formation can be a result of a number of reasons and it can be marked by symptoms like breathlessness, fatigue, general body weakness, chest pain, palpitation etc. Plaque can have a drastic impact on the health of your heart. Sometimes the symptoms go unnoticed and are only discovered later when the problem becomes very serious. Plaque is essentially a fatty waxy substance. It can even lead to atherosclerosis or "hardening of the arteries." In some cases, the plaque might rupture leading to the formation of blood clots which is very natural. These blood clots can, however, cut off the flow of blood through the artery and lead to oxygen depletion in the body. Hence a ruptured plaque can be even more dangerous and is the major cause of stroke and heart attack.
One of the leading cause of plaque formation is higher cholesterol and fat levels in the body. These are mostly found in the bodies of overweight people. Hence it can be said that obese people fall in the risk category. To avoid plaque formation it is very important to keep your weight under control. This can be done by following simple and healthy lifestyle practices like eating healthy food and avoiding unhealthy fats. Diet plays a key role in maintaining the health of your heart. Unhealthy fats such as unsaturated oil should be avoided as they increase the cholesterol levels in your body. Green leafy vegetable and fresh fruits help to purify your blood. These should be made a mandatory part of your meals. Processed food should be avoided as much as possible.
Topmost cardiovascular surgeon of India recommends exercising regularly for increasing your metabolic rate which in turn helps to improve blood circulation in your body.
Plaque can be treated easily with the help of certain medications in the initial stage however in chronic case, surgery is a must. The blood channels damaged by plaque needs to be either replaced or a new artificially created valve needs to be placed along with it. Both the procedure requires a high degree of precision and accuracy. Some patients even need to take blood thinners after the surgery to avoid clot formation.
Plaque formation is very common in people suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes. Such people should take more care of their heart health and try to keep there blood sugar and blood pressure levels under control. Such people are not even considered to be eligible for an open heart surgery and hence have to undergo minimally invasive procedures.
You can consult the best heart specialist in Delhi regarding any problem related to plaque and the diseases associated with it. It is important to keep yourself healthy by taking all the necessary precaution in order to avoid plaque formation. This can be done by following all the guidelines that are considered important for a healthy heart.
For more information, visit: https://www.blkhospital.com/heart-centre